No other tissue cannot be both so soft, gentle, light and warm as cashmere -
unique, natural fiber. Many people make the mistake of thinking that cashmere -
is an expensive wool or well-dressed wool. No, cashmere - is fluff (undercoat) of
mountain goats, plucked or combed manually in spring, when after the winter
cold the goat is not needed fluff.
Cashmere fluff major providers are Mongolia and China (Province of China,
known as Inner Mongolia). Cashmere from India (the main region - Kashmir), Iran
and Afghanistan also appears on the market. But this fluff dirtier, the hair itself is
thicker and darker, so the cost of this fluff is much lower. Breeders tried to raise
cashmere goats in other places, taking them to Australia, New Zealand and
Scotland. But in other climatic conditions (absence of sharply continental climate -
cold winters and hot summers), the precious undercoat loses its quality: the ease
and an amazing ability to retain heat.
Europe learned of cashmere in the 18th century, thanks to Josephine. After
one of the eastern military campaigns Napoleon had brought to her chuddar, a thin,
almost transparent, and embroidered, with a surprising name "Pashmina". After
200 years Pashmina still remains like a classic accessory, and an important
complement of the fashionable wardrobe.
A bit of interesting information
In order to get fluff goats do not cut. They are combed with the help of special
tool, and during one year a goat brings only 100, 200 grams as a maximum.
Knitting of one cashmere sweater requires 4-6 animals. A big cardigan in 10 yarn
requires 20 animals. That is one of the circumstances that determine the very high
price of the cashmere thing. How can you determine the difference between wool
and cashmere? Our fingers can help us in this, the difference of one micron. For
example, human hair - about 50 microns, and a good raw material consists of
cashmere yarns 16 microns. That is why the touch of cashmere seems so
The cashmere popularity in the world is constantly growing. This is due to the
fact that the standard of living in Europe, the US and Japan has grown
significantly. And people prefer to buy the best thing they can find on the knitwear
market - cashmere. Let it expensive, but because of hypoallergenicity and
extraordinary softness and comfort it is becoming more and more popular all over
the world with each passing day. Seeing the growing popularity of cashmere, all
major fashion houses start to supplement their collection with cashmere models,
but using mixtures with other materials most of the time.
At the same time, there are several brands that specialize in manufacturing of
100% cashmere goods. These are mostly Scottish and Italian factories. Their
cashmere is so gentle that any shade in which it is painted, looks as through a haze,
very pleasant to the eye.
What is pashmina?
Pashmina is a fabric of a higher quality than cashmere. Fiber Pashmina - is
undercoat combed from the goats abdomen and neck, where it is especially soft
After the combing the most delicate and long filaments are selected, and used
for manual making of large and warm shawls. Very often, all Pashmina products
In its turn, cashmere is woven from the wool growing in other parts of the
body of the Himalayan mountain goat. Cashmere fibers are more thick and coarse,
their thickness is 20 microns, while the thickness of the pashmina "thread" less
than 14 microns.
Shawl woven from the thinnest pashmina, is a weightless; despite its size, it
can easily stretch across the ring. It is made from 100% pashmina and it is not
mixed with silk.
Its properties depend on the thread subtleties and its torsion degree. The
stronger the twisted yarn in spinning, the softer and more easily turns the finished
product. In ancient times skilled artisans made in special looms this kind of shawls.
Thus, this type of pashmina is different from all the other because of utmost ease